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MODEL 1855 BAYONET AND EARLY BLACK BUFF LEATHER CIVIL WAR PATTERN SCABBARD – RARE SCABBARD IN EXCELLENT CONDITION WITH LEGIBLE MAKER’S STAMP:  This is a very respectable specimen of the standard issue Model 1855 Bayonet with an early Civil War Type III Scabbard with a Black Buff Leather Frog in exceptional condition.  Well cared for through the years, the scabbard features the early Civil War belt frog, made of the earlier black buff leather rather than the smooth bridle leather which became common later in the war.  The buff leather belt loop serves to date the scabbard as an early war pattern which were used up early in the War and are very rare today.   

The scabbard frog is supple and complete, with no breaks or weak spots and has an even surface with much of the raised nap still present. The front of the frog still retains a partially legible maker’s stamp and a partially legible US inspector’s stamp.  That any of these stamps remain is notable, as the buff leather did not hold the stamp impressions as well as the later smooth bridle leather did, and the stamps applied to the buff leather faded away with a minimal amount of use.   

The maker’s stamp is legible enough to determine that the maker was located in Newark, New Jersey, and some of the characters of the maker’s name are legible.  Comparing this information to the known makers of accoutrements during the Civil War who were located in Newark, I can determine that the maker was Stephen H. Young, a saddle maker who had contracts from the US Government to provide sets of infantry equipments.  

The scabbard body is very solid with none of the weak leather or sagging common to heavily used specimens, and the surface of the leather is excellent and stable with a minimum amount of surface flexing.  The seam is completely intact and the brass tip is present and solidly attached.   

The bayonet is marked with a legible “US”, is overall bright – the socket area has some scattered speckling, and the blade is generally bright with some darkened spots and some isolated points of light pitting.  This is simply evidence of gentle aging, without showing any heavy pitting or edge nicks.  The locking ring moves smoothly.  Note that the blade is considerably brighter than it appears in the photographs due to reflections during the photography.   

These early pattern 1855 scabbards are rare in their own right, and finding a specimen in this condition with a legible maker's stamp and mated to an attractive, presentable bayonet is worthy of note.  No doubt that this set should be mated with a Model 1855 or Model 1861 Springfield Rifle Musket to be truly appreciated.  (1006) $495



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